Nepal is a landlocked country, with India and China forming land borders with the country. Nepal transport system consists of the modes of travel in the country. Since the country is mostly mountainous and has a rough and rugged terrain, transport system in Nepal is an interesting phenomenon. Due to the landscape of the country, roadways and airways are the only modes of transport in the country. Railways have not been able to develop a lot because of the mountainous land surface. Nepal transport system is mainly concentrated on its roads. Roads in the country are mainly concentrated in the Terai region of the country. This is the only region, where there is some flat land. A large road network is being built up by the Nepal transport authority to increase and improve the conditions of roads in Nepal. There are about 15 national highways in the country, apart from the many small feeder roads. There are also many village and agriculture roads. The total length of roads in Nepal, stretch to about 28,000 kilometers. The International Airport at Kathmandu is the sole international airport in Nepal, while there are 42 domestic airports in the country. The domestic airports enhance the growth and development of the economy of Nepal. The international airport at Kathmandu connects the country to other international destinations. The transport and communication system in Nepal is constantly being updated and upgraded with time. The facilities are being improved and infrastructure is being developed to make Nepal an advanced country.
The different types of transportation in Nepal are:
There are many buses, minibuses, micro buses and three-wheelers available for different destinations in the valley. Similarly, the Sajha Yatayat has recently resumed bus services along two routes in the valley. It is currently operating along Kalanki, Kalimati, Tripureshwor, Nayabaneshwor, Sinamangal and Airport, and along Satdobato, Jawalakhel, Tripureshwor, Jamal, Teaching Hospital and Naya Bus Park. The buses can be recognized by their green color and the name “Sajha Yatayat” on them. The bus stops only at designated bus stops, therefore, one has to identify the nearest Sajha bus stop to be able to board one.
Consult Kathmandu valley map to find out the direction of your destination. Hail a taxi, which is easily recognized by its taxi sign on top and black license plate. As a rough guide, a taxi will charge Rs. 30 per kilometer. No tip is expected. Private taxis may charge slightly higher.
Night taxi service can also be arranged and operated by major hotels. Fare is slightly higher than metered taxi. One can rent a private car through a travel agent or a car rental company.
Hired Mountain Bike/ Ordinary Bicycle:
Mountain bikes and ordinary bicycles are cheap and the best form of transportation for economy tourists. One can hire them at Thamel, Rani Pokhari and Jhochhen, all in Kathmandu.
Long Distance Bus Service:
Long distance day or night bus services are available from Kathmandu to all cities of Nepal. New Bus Park at Gongabu at Ring Road near Balaju, Kathmandu, from where buses depart to different destinations. Six-seater Sumo Tata van, 12-seater van and air-conditioned mini buses are also available for long distance travel.
Domestic Air Service:
Nepal Airlines has an extensive network of air services to major parts of the country. Besides Nepal Airlines, other domestic airlines (there are more than 18 in operation) provide regular and chartered services to popular domestic destinations.