Nepal is great Himalaya country. It is known as a home to Mt. Everest, the highest peak on the earth. It has been an independent and sovereign nation since its prehistoric period. It lies between India in the south, east, and west and China in the north and on a lap of majestic Himalaya was once called land of Himalaya. A closer look however reveals the country as a dynamic blend of a vast array of exotic nature and culture. It is one of the richest countries in the world on term of bio diversity. Because of its unique geographical position, it is a land of scenic beauty with unrivaled attraction. The elevation range is from 60m to 8848m from sea level. It has an area of 147818 sq km. the land expends 880 km east to west and 145km to 241 km north to south. Because of its geographical variation it divided in to three major geographical region as Himalayas, hilly and Tarai, due to the country’s endowed with vast mass of natural resources make it affluent with varieties of flora and fauna.kumari

 About Nepal

Location
Between India & the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China.

Area & Population
147,181 Sq. Kms & Approximately 22 Million

Latitude & Longitude
26’12’ and 30’27’ North & 80 degree 4′ and 88 degree 12′ East

Capital
Kathmandu

People
Over 100 Ethnic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages.

Political-System
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

Topography
From the World’s Deepest gorge ‘Kali-Gandaki’ to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8848m.

Vegetation
Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rain-forests to Alpine Deserts.

Climate
Climate ranges from sub-tropical in the low lands to Arctic higher altitudes.

Seasons
Winter (December – February)
Summer (March – May )
Monsoon (June – August)
Autumn (September – November)

National Bird & National Flower
Impean Pheasant (Danfe) & Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans)

National Festivals
Dashain, Tihar, Shivaratri, Nepali new year (Baishak first), Tej, Chad ete,

World Heriatge Sites
In Nepal, their are two UNESCO world heritage site respectively cultural world heritage site and another is natural world heritage. UNESCO cultural world heritage site have eight site respectively Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Pashupatinath, Changunarayan and Lumbini. Seven Cultural World Heritage Sites are situated within 20 kms of radius, in the Kathmandu Valley accept Lumbini. Another UNESCO natural world heritage site including two site respectively Sagarmatha National Park ( Mt. Everest National Park ) and Chitwan National Park.

Flora and Founa
840 different species of wet-land, migratory and residential bird, 8% of the world’s population of birds.

Home to Endangered Species Like
Royal Bengal Tiger, One horned rhino, Snow – Leopard, Red Panda, Brown Bear, Assamese Macaque, Gangetic Dolphin, Wolf, Wild Elephant, Giant Horn – Bill, Swamp Deer, Wild Yak, Tibetan Antelope, Black Buck, Four Horned antelope, Musk Deer, Pigmy Hog, Haspid Hare, Pangolin, Gharial, Indian Bustart, Saras Crane, Impean Pheasant, Python etc.

A Living Cultural Heritage
Nepal’s Heritage is alive and dynamic. Shamanism, Pan-animism & Witch-craft are still practiced in remote regions. Temples, shrines, monuments and monasteries are extremely active with devotees burning butter-lamps, singing hymns, chiming temple bells and playing drums. The only country that has living goddess “Kumari”
Top 10 Travel destination in Nepal

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